“A great community”: John Ruskin’s Europe
Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, Italy, 7-9 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 28 February 2019
(posted 7 December 2018)
Illustration and Adaptation
University of Burgundy, France, 10-11 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 1 March 2019
- Illustration as a form of adaptation: can the example of illustration as an intermedial practice participate in redefining what we mean by adaptation? Conversely, can adaptation theory help reappraise illustration as a subject matter and a field of research?
- Intersections between the realms of illustration and adaptation: what are the boundaries of the field of illustration? In the wake of Henry Jenkins’s works, how can one theorize the convergence between illustration and adaptation?
- Transmediation between illustration and other media (texts, painting, graphic novels, comics, video games, theatre, film, television series, documentaries, advertising, etc.): theoretical approaches and artistic practices.
- Professionalisation of illustrators: what approach to adaptation do illustrators have? How to their briefs or commissions impact the perception of illustration / adaptation? What is the role of art school curriculae in this phenomenon?
(posted 11 April 2018)
Black Humour on the Early Modern English Stage
Université Bordeaux Montaigne, France, 10-11 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 15 June 2019
A conference organized by EA Climas and EA SPH, Université Bordeaux Montaigne
Notwithstanding the widespread opinion that ‘black humour’ (‘Humour noir’) was a phrase coined by André Breton, the co-founder of French Surrealism, in 1930s France; or that, as a mood, it epitomized a post-war American type of humour that persisted into the early 1970s as an expression of the disenchantment in the decline and fall of traditional values; research has shown how black humour was well instated in classical literature, not only in humorous epitaphs and epigrams that dealt with the theme of death (Stevanovic 2007), but in Greek philosophical literature (as in Plato’s Phaedon). Moreover, black humour is directly related to the humorism developed in ancient Greece by Hippocrates, Galen or Theophrastus, a theory introduced in classical comedy by Plautus and Menander and later borrowed and adapted by Elizabethan dramatists. Additionally, early modern research has shown how ‘[i]n plague time normal social decorum [was] breached as people put personal survival before established custom’ and that ‘this [was] productive of the characteristic black humour of observer accounts’, such as Dekker’s, who alludes to the ‘foolery, infidelity, humanity… villany, irreligion, and distrust in God’ which his stories ‘lay open’ (Healey, 1995). Parallel to the paradigm of death by disease, black humour, or gallows humour, summoned the tension that opposed hope and doom by joking about the convicted and their sense of despair as a strategy of coping with fear (Freud 1905) both witnessed and experienced.
Holly Williams, in an article published in The Independent in January 2015 writes about Dominic Dromgooles’s production of Middleton and Rowley’s The Changeling that it manages to ‘find black comedy in a grisly plot of murder, adultery and deceit’, astutely describing the play itself as a ‘tonal changeling’, oscillating between tragedy and the ‘pitch-black comedy’. The fundamental ambivalence alluded to in Williams’s review has long been identified as one of the defining features of a genre described in 1955 by S. Schoenbaum, writing on Middleton’s tragedies, as ‘a novel kind of drama – a drama that occupies a middle ground between comedy and tragedy’. These plays, with their disturbing blend of clashing genres often share that formal and moral ambivalence which transforms the most sinister of situations, the most scathing dialogues into eerily comic scenes. In Laughing and Weeping in Early Modern Theatres (2007), Matthew Steggle offers several definitions of laughter which help us realize that it is perhaps only one side of a bipolar passion. Thus, for Laurent Joubert, in his Traité du Ris (1579), laughter is a mixture of pleasure and displeasure ; Quintilian links laughter to hatred ; Hobbes depicts laughter as ‘a Suddaine Glory arising from Suddaine Conception of some Eminency in our selves by Compassion with the Infirmities of others, or with our owne formerly’, while for William Prynne, laughter is ‘inappropriately pleasurable and ultimately demonic in origin’.
Recent performance studies have challenged Nicholas Brooke’s basic premise that laughing is a transhistorical constant which implies that early modern audiences had the same reactions as those observed in today’s theatres. Horrid Laughter in Jacobean Tragedy (1979) nonetheless presents an interesting survey of plays which best exemplify a genre where the farcical and the grotesque alternate with tragedy and horror, where sarcasm, bitter irony, sardonic one-liners undermine the dark and the grandiose, as in The Jew of Malta, which Brooke calls ‘a marvelous farce’ (8), Marston’s Antonio plays, where ‘tragic rhetoric and blatant farce’ constantly intertwine (6), Kyd’s Spanish Tragedy and its macabre comic strain, and several plays by Middleton, Webster and Ford, which, in Brooke’s words, ‘end, again and again, with the grandeur and the grotesquerie simultaneously perceived, tears and laughter equally projected.’ (9). Does it therefore make sense to speak of a specific comic vein, a vein fit for the black humour or black comedy intrinsically linked to some early modern tragedies? What, in the plays of Marlowe, Shakespeare, Jonson or Webster and their motley combination of tragedy and comedy, causes audiences to laugh wryly, derisively, cruelly or wholeheartedly of things so dark, horrible or grotesque that they can only be dealt with through the filter, albeit a black one, of laughter?
Black humour seems inherently defined by the spectacular degree of aesthetic and rhetorical self-consciousness with which it operates. By negotiating its stance between the principles of unity and multiplicity, connection and disjunction, it displays all the techniques of the baroque (Berry, 1972). Metatextually, by combining the « camp » and the horrific, Marston contributes to the fashioning of black humour on the Jacobean stage, while Webster points us to the « bitter play » to come, in the play’s Induction (line 25). It would be worthwhile exploring how such variations in self-conscious denomination assume a larger scope, as they are deeply interrelated with audience reception (and production) of black humour. There are those plays that induce laughter in response to a set of humoristic devices that might seem mechanistic and limited ; others address a larger aesthetic and moral framework (strategies of coping with the fear of death or illness) and open up new pathways were it only by (at times unwittingly) devolving the production of black humour to their audience (and critics). Our conference will try to explore the various strategies at play in works of the period that resort to black humour, a lesser-known yet fascinating facet of Maeterlinck’s ‘infernally poisonous black diamonds’. Papers on Shakespeare are as inevitable as they are welcome, but contributions on works by other dramatists are particularly encouraged. Possible topics of investigation include (but are not limited to): Cultural origins and foundations of black humour; black humour: beyond the oxymoronic; black humour, self-conscious aesthetics and denominations; black humour and audience response; black humour, trauma and therapeutic management; the dialectics of black humour.
Please send a 250-word abstract and a short (100-word) biography to the conference organizers: firstname.lastname@example.org by 15 June, 2019 (notifications of acceptance will be sent by 15 July). Papers will preferably be given in English. A selection of papers will be published.
Confirmed keynote speaker: Attila Kiss (University of Szeged, Hungary).
(posted 8 April 2019)
Writers in Neo-Victorian fiction
Université de Caen Normandie, France, 11 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 30 April 2019
Maison de la recherche en Sciences Humaines
Confirmed Keynote Speaker: Patricia Duncker
Reflecting on the art of writing neo-Victorian fiction, Patricia Duncker draws a whole list of “authors ripe for imitation, adaptation, or reinvention, […] [such as] Wilkie Collins, all the Brontës, the 1860s fashion for sensation fiction, Henry James and the Victorian ghostly writers, especially M.R. James, the ubiquitous Oscar Wilde, and more dangerously, Charles Dickens.” (Duncker 257). Not only does Duncker specifically stress the art of adaptation, pastiche and/or parody that, in part, is at the bottom of the neo-Victorian project, but her enumeration also significantly alludes to the presence of Victorian writers within neo-Victorian fiction, as is to the case, literally, in her recent novel, Sophie and The Sybil (2015) that features George Eliot amongst its main characters.
Considering, with Kate Mitchell that, “[n]eo-Victorian fiction prompts authors, readers and critics to confront the problem of historical recollection […] what is involved in this re-creation of history, what it means to fashion the past for the contemplation of the present” (3), the present conference seeks to engage with the recollection and re-presentation of writers in neo-Victorian fiction.
Which writers are remembered or not? Who is remembered and what is remembered, obliterated or mis-remembered about them? Is the focus on their activity as writer or/an on their private lives? How are these writers turned into characters? Such are some of the questions this conference will address in relation with the politics and revisionary aims of the neo-Victorian project.
The neo-Victorian genre, especially its biofictional branch, seems to have benefited from and followed the booming demand for historical narratives (especially biographies) in the 1990s (Steveker 68). In the case of “celebrity biofictions” which often revolve around “revelations of the salacious and traumatic aspects of the lives of participants in the long nineteenth century” (Kohlke 4), the notion of canonicity seems to be questioned. Famous Victorian writers like Charles Dickens and Lord Tennyson have indeed been the object of mocking depreciating neo-Victorian representations (Gutleben). On the other hand, recent Neo-Victorian representation of writers might be understood as the early twenty-first-century’s “fresh commitment to what we might call the reality of history” (Boxall 41).
Taking up the figure of a writer in fiction is an act of appropriation but also of denial. As Georges Letissier puts it about transfictional characters: “the neo-Victorian character denies the death verdict of the closed book, or any compulsory order of textual residence, through a process of migration that is an extension of fictitious life.” (Letissier n.p.). In the course of migration and expansion, the return of dead authors in neo-Victorian fiction may range from a sort of collapse between the author figure and his/her work (e.g. Tobias Oates in Jack Maggs (1997)) in contradiction with Barthes’s “Death of the author”, a thin boundary between biography and fiction (e.g. Peter Ackroyd’s The Last Testament of Oscar Wilde (1983)) to the staging of the encounter with a writer from the past (e.g. Kathleen A. Flynn’s The Jane Austen Project (2017)).
Considering the self-consciousness and meta-reflexivity which define neo-Victorian fiction (Heilman and Llewelyn 4), the representation of the act of writing is of particular interest, be it in the representation of Victorian writers as well as the self-staging of neo-Victorian writers themselves – one may think of Fowles in The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1969). Our concern with the representation of the writer includes fictional figures of such as Lamotte and Ash in Possession, or Sugar in The Crimson Petal and the White.
Possible topics may include, but need not be limited to the following:
- Retrieving/staging/plotting authorial figures of the past
- Literary tradition: staging the relation with the predecessor<
- the representation of fictional writers
- Reception/transmission/construction of the authorial figure – canonicity/oblivion
- Cultural afterlife of writers
- Nomenclature (biofiction/fictional biography etc.)
The organisers welcome proposals for 20-minute papers about the representation of writers in neo-Victorian fiction. Please send 250-word abstracts, with a 50-word biography to Armelle Parey (email@example.com) and Charlotte Wadoux (charlotte firstname.lastname@example.org) by April 30th, 2019. Notification will be sent in the following month.
List of works cited:
BOXALL, Peter. Twenty-first-Century Fiction, a Critical Introduction. Cambridge UP, 2013.
DUNCKER, Patricia. “On Writing Neo-Victorian Fiction”. English: Journal of the English Association, Volume 63, Issue 243, 1 December 2014, Pages 253-274. https://doi.org/10.1093/english/efu019
GUTLEBEN, Christian. Nostalgic Postmodernism, the Victorian tradition and the contemporary British novel. Amsterdam : Rodopi, 2001.
HEILMANN, Ann and Mark Llewellyn. Neo-Victorianism. The Victorians in the Twenty-First Century, 1999-2009, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
KOHLKE, Marie-Luise. Neo-Victorian Biofiction and the Special/Spectral Case of Barbara Chase-Riboud’s Hottentot Venus” Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies Vol 18, No 3 (2013)
LETISSIER, Georges. « Neo-Characterization in the Neo-Victorian Novel », E-rea [En ligne], 13.1 | 2015, mis en ligne le 15 décembre 2015. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/erea/4834 ; DOI : 10.4000/erea.4834
MITCHELL, Kate. History and Cultural Memory in Neo-Victorian Fiction: Victorian Afterimages. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
STEVEKER, Lena. “‘Eminent Victorian’ and Neo-Victorian Fictional Biography” Nadine Boehm-Schnitker and Susanne Gruss (eds.), Neo-Victorian Literature and Culture: Immersions and Revisitations. New York; London: Routledge, 2014.
(posted 17 December 2018)
MCWE 2019: The 1st International Conference on Military Culture and War Experience
New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria, 11-12 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 30 April 2019
New Bulgarian University and Military Technical Academy “Ferdinand I” are pleased to announce the 1st International Conference on Military Culture and War Experience, which will be held in Sofia, Bulgaria on 11-12 October 2019.
This conference had originally been planned to take place on 1-2 November 2019 but had to be rescheduled.
War involves a cumulation of traumatic multilevel experiences with strong individual and collective implications that pass from one generation to another, being impossible to forget but also mandatory to be remembered in order not to be repeated. While the whole world is affected by it, the “soldier above all others prays – as Gen. Douglas MacArthur says – for peace, for it is [he] who must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war” (qtd in Donnithorne, 2009: 173). A military career is more than just a job. Prepared to face the danger, the men and women who serve in the armed forces of a country are constantly exposed to a unique set of pressures that derive from the responsibilities they assume, but also to a system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours and artefacts meant to help them and their families cope with the world they live in. Like any other social group, the military have a culture of their own, with deep roots and ramifications – one that may be difficult to understand by ordinary civilians; one that may raise admiration or hatred; one that cannot be ignored.
Topics and Scope
We suggest the following topics; however, papers on other aspects of the conference theme are also welcomed:
- War in literature, biographies and visual arts
- Important military leaders and events
- Types of warfare, military tactics and strategies
- Multinational coalition operations
- Challenges of military engineering
- Military technical vocabulary
- Humanitarian assistance
- Migration and globalization
- Media coverage of war and terrorism
- Psychological effects of war
- Education and adjustment to military / civilian life
- Implications of military culture and stereotypes
- Military career field management
- Veterans and their problems
- Impact of deployment on military families
- Gender, age, disability, etc in the military.
This conference aims to create a multinational and multidisciplinary forum for discussions on changes in the perception of military culture and war experience. We invite scholars as well as practitioners from different fields including military science, literature, visual arts, history, cultural studies, philosophy, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, management, science and technology and all those interested in exchanging theoretical and practical approaches to these phenomena and processes.
The official language of the conference is English, though presentations may also be delivered in any other language provided they are accompanied by a PowerPoint in English.
We welcome proposals for individual 20-minute papers, panel sessions where 3 or 4 speakers address a shared topic, and workshops where contributors address questions of practical activism. Please, send your proposal no later than 30 April 2019, by registering on https://easychair.org/my/conference.cgi?conf=mcwe2019.
The accepted paper abstracts will be published in the Book of Abstracts, available to all participants. An e-Book of Proceedings will be posted to the Conference webpage. Abstract proposals should be sent no later than 30 April 2019.
Full papers are expected by 1 October 2019 and authors are advised to use the following submission guidelines:
- Language: English.
- The page-limit for articles: no more than 12 pages, works cited included.
- The margins:left – 25 mm, right – 25 mm, top – 25 mm, bottom – 25 mm, header and footer –15 mm.
- Paper setup: A4, 1,15 space between lines, 20 mm margins, justified;
- Title of the article: Caps, Times New Roman 14 Bold, Centred, at 50 mm above the text;
- Author’s name, scientific title and academic affiliation: Times New Roman 12 Bold, under the title, at 2 lines distance;
- Abstract: Approximately 250 words in English, Times New Roman 11, italics, at two lines distance under the author’s name, in English;
- Five Keywordsunder the abstract, in English (TNR 11);
- Text of the article:at one line bellow the abstract, in English, Times New Roman, 12, justified;
- No endnotes(footnotes only): font size 10, numbering: continuous; No Page Breaks in the document; All graphic elements set in line with the text.
- Bibliography /Works Cited: 2 lines distance from the end of the paper; single column format, Times New Roman 12, italics, under the bibliography, at 2 lines distance. Sources must be quoted according to the latest edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers;
- Biodata: 2 lines distance from the end of the Bibliography;Times New Roman 12; justified.
- Submission link: https://easychair.org/my/conference.cgi?conf=mcwe2019.
Every submitted paper must represent original and unpublished work: it must not be under review or accepted elsewhere and there must be a significantly clear element of novelty distinguishing a submitted paper from any other prior publication or current submission. Full papers are subject to PEER REVIEW and will be evaluated according to their significance, originality, technical content, style, clarity, and relevance to the conference theme.
Accepted papers will be published in Journals with ISSN such as: Journal of Military Technology and Journal of Philology and Intercultural Communication, or in a prestigious collective volume. More information will be available as soon as possible.
The conference will be held at New Bulgarian University. Address: ul. “Montevideo” 21, 1618 g.k. Ovchakupel 2, Sofia, Bulgaria.
Further information will be made available as soon as possible.
Deadline for proposals: 30 April 2019.
Abstract acceptance notification: 31 May 2019.
Conference fee: 30 June 2019.
Submission deadline for full papers: 1 October 2019.
Conference dinner: 11 October 2019.
(posted 28 December 2018, updated 8 January 2019)
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany, 11-12 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 30 April 2019
Organizers: Alyn Euritt (Leipzig), Patrick Gill (Mainz)
The past fifteen years have seen podcasting emerge as a form increasingly confident of its own virtues and the constructive affordances it can bring to bear on storytelling. As Dario Llinares, Neil Fox, and Richard Berry suggest in Podcasting: New Aural Cultures and Digital Media, “podcasting has transitioned into a new phase, a ‘new aural culture’, with its applications and effects requiring wider interdisciplinary conceptual approaches” (4). To this end, our conference sets out to investigate the history of this new medium’s development as well as the present state of podcasting poetics. Participants are invited to present papers from a variety of perspectives, which may include, but are by no means limited to, the following:
- narratology, seriality, and form
- audiences and listening publics
- interactivity and fan culture
- affect and intimacy
- relation to other media (including radio drama, audiobooks, smart speakers)
- position within convergence culture
We are pleased to announce that Richard Berry will be the keynote speaker.Please send suggestions for 20-minute conference presentations to email@example.com by April 30, 2019. Abstracts should extend to no more than 300 words and be accompanied by a short biographical note.
(posted 22 February 2019)
Challenges and Solutions in Education, Teaching and Learning
London, UK, 12 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 20 July 2019
organised by London Centre for Interdisciplinary Research
Attempting to answer the what-is-worth-knowing questions, the conference will explore major themes concerning the current situation in education, teaching and learning. It will focus on globally relevant challenges such as multicultural education, education for citizenship, social inequality and schooling, gender and socialisation, new technologies and new literacies. It will examine the ways of overcoming the challenges as well as provide perspectives and dialogue on education systems around the world focussing on the major factors of academic achievement.
Papers are invited on topics related, but not limited, to:
- Childhood Education
- Adult Education
- Home Education
- Special Education
- Education Policy and Leadership
- Academic Advising and Counselling
- Work Employability
- e-Learning and e-Testing
- Distance Learning
- Blended Learning
- IT in Education
- Teaching Methodologies
- Education Management
Proposals up to 250 words and a brief biographical note should be sent by 20 July 2019 to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Download paper proposal form.
Registration fee – 100 GBP
Provisional conference venue: Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1E 7HX
(posted 8 June 2019
Decolonizing the Victorians
School of Arts and Humanities, University of Lisbon, 14 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 25 août 2019
Org. University of Lisbon Centre for English Studies (ULICES-CEAUL), in collaboration with the Centre for Indian Studies
Jyotsna Singh, Professor of Renaissance Literature, Michigan State University, USA
Neilesh Bose, Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair in History, University of Victoria, Canada
Decolonisation is always a good idea – of course – but it’s a complicated one. ‘Postcolonial studies’ implies that colonialism is definitely ‘post’. Is it? Whose colonisation of whom are we talking about? (…) The categories are infinite, the hierarchies complicated and intersecting, the project of domination ongoing. (Arundhati Roy 2017)
The recent debates surrounding the decolonization of the university (Mbembe 2016) and the dismantling of the institutional structures that sustain white power prove that postcolonial and decolonial critiques need to remain centrifugal forces in the context of the liquid, neoliberal university (Mbembe 2003; Mignolo 2007; Young 2012; Bhambra 2014; Mignolo and Walsh 2018; Bhambra et al. 2018). These debates also demonstrate that, to circumvent the limited imaginations of neoliberal institutions, fields of inquiry such as English studies have to continuously travel beyond their foundational onto-historical ethnocentrism and Anglo-American-centred theoretical frameworks (Hitchcock 2001).
Building on the discussions taking place in English departments across universities in the UK (Ranasinha 2019), this seminar aims to contribute to the debate on what might be entailed in the next step of decolonizing the English studies curriculum in a semi-peripheral English department whose locus of observation, interpretation, and enunciation is located in a non-English speaking country.
With a focus on decolonizing the Victorians, proposals for papers and pre-constituted panels (with three speakers each and a chair) should engage with at least one of the following questions:
- How does the mediating role of English as the lingua franca of western academia replicate the colonial dynamics of the nineteenth century?
- How can the colonial dynamics of English studies be revised and reinvented outside of the Anglosphere?
- How do we reinvent English studies in ways that do not rely on pre-existing extractive colonial patterns relating to labour, production, and value, but at the same time foreground these immanent patterns?
- In terms of praxis, how can the concerns with the imperial contexts in which English studies articulated its mission (in India, for example) be incorporated into not only the practice of criticism and theory, but also university pedagogies?
Please send proposals to Ana Cristina Mendes, Department of English Studies, School of Arts and Humanities, University of Lisbon (email@example.com). The deadline for the receipt of proposals is August 25, 2019. Speakers will be notified of decisions by September 2, 2019.
In the case of individual papers, please submit abstracts between 200 and 300 words (references included) together with a title and 5 keywords, including name, institutional affiliation and contact details
For pre-constituted panels, the conveners are asked to submit a panel proposal including the title, a 300- to 500-word justification for the panel and 200- to 300-word abstracts (references included) for each of the three presentations making up the panel accompanied by a title and 5 keywords. Also included should be names and institutional affiliation for the three presenters and the name, institutional affiliation, contact details, and institutional affiliation for the chair.
(posted 7 June 2019)
Short Fiction as Humble Fiction
Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier-3, France, 17-19 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 15 January 2019
A conference organised by EMMA (Etudes Montpelliéraines du Monde Anglophone) with ENSFR (European Network for Short Fiction Research),
- Elke D’hoker, K.U. Leuven, Belgium
- Ann-Marie Einhaus, Northumbria University, UK
Short Fiction as Humble Fiction
The title of this conference may sound like a provocative statement. It may suggest a definition of the genre as a minor one, as has too often been the case in the history of the short story. Yet the conference has another purpose altogether. We would like to shift the perspective and claim short fiction not exactly as a minor genre, but as a humble one. As such, what can short fiction do that the novel cannot? What can it better convey?
We suggest to use the concept of the ‘humble’ as a critical tool that may help reframe and redefine short fiction, a notoriously elusive genre. How do short story writers deal with humble subjects – humble beings (the poor, the marginal, the outcasts, the disabled, etc.) and the non- human (animals, plants, objects), the ordinary, the everyday, the domestic, the mundane, the prosaic? How do they draw attention to what tends to be disregarded, neglected or socially invisible (Le Blanc) and how do they play with attention and inattention (Gardiner)? How do they contribute to an ethics and a politics of consideration (Pelluchon)? What rhetorical and stylistic devices do they use? What happens when they broach humble topics with humble tools, a bare, minimal style, for instance? How does the humble form of the short story – its brevity – fit humble topics? Does it paradoxically enhance them? Does the conjunction of the two give the short story a minor status or can it be empowering? In other words, should the humble be regarded as a synonym of ‘minor’ or as a quality and a capability (Nussbaum)?
Asking such questions will open a rich debate. How does the humble nature of short fiction connect with the epiphany, the moment of being, the event? If along with Camille Dumoulié we consider that the ethical dimension of short fiction stems from its being ‘a genre of the event’, could a humble genre also be considered an ethical genre? If there is an ethics of short fiction as a humble genre, where can it be located? Since the term ‘humble’, from the Latin humilis, ‘low, lowly,’ itself from humus ‘ground’’ – is often used as a euphemism for ‘the poor’, we can consider its representation of humble characters (as in Joyce’s Dubliners or Eudora Welty’s short stories) as well as the way this genre handles the theme of poverty, of extreme hardship and constructed deprivation (as in Dalit short fiction) or its representations of and reflections on the earth and all that relates to the environment. The theme of the humble is also manifest in its very inclusiveness and openness to the reader, or in the very precarious nature of the genre, in its openness to other genres. Dealing with short fiction as a humble genre will thus lead contributors to take into account its interactions with humble arts and media: the art of engraving, sketching or photography used in the illustrations of the volumes or magazines in which many modernist short stories were initially published; the radio that broadcast so many short stories, sometimes read by the short story writers themselves, as occurred on BBC4 with, for instance, Frank O’Connor; the web today, with flash fiction online, micro fiction or video performances of short fiction. How do these various art forms and media shape each other and how do these interactions construct short fiction as a humble genre? In other words, how does the motif of the humble morph into an ‘experiential category’ (Locatelli) or a poetics of the humble?
Reframing the humble as an aesthetic category will help reread short fiction and better capture its elusive contours, focusing either on well-known short fiction by famous writers that will be approached from a different angle or retrieving some unfairly neglected texts from oblivion, as, for example, Ann-Marie Einhaus, has started doing in her work on The Short Story and the First World War. Or again, Elke D’hoker’s current work on short fiction and popular magazines.
This conference means to cross national borders and disciplinary boundaries, especially those separating literature and the visual arts or literature and philosophy. The questions asked can be broached through short fiction in English by writers of various nationalities over the 19th and 20th centuries until nowadays. The suggested acceptations of the term ‘humble’ are not limitative but indicative.
Proposals of about 300 words together with a short biographical note (50 words) should be sent to Christine Reynier (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Jean-Michel Ganteau (jean- email@example.com) by January 15th, 2019.
A selection of peer-reviewed articles will be published in The Journal of the Short Story in English and Short Fiction in Theory & Practice.
Lynn Blin, Isabelle Brasme, Jean-Michel Ganteau, Laura Lainvae, Xavier Le Brun, Maroua Mannai, Judith Misrahi-Barak, Christine Reyn
- E. Bowen, Collected Impressions, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1950, 38.
- D’Hoker, Elke, and Stephanie Eggermont, ‘Fin-de-Siècle Women Writers and the Modern Short Story’, English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, 58/3 (2015): 291-312.
- Dumoulié, Camille, Littérature et philosophie : Le gai savoir de la littérature, Paris: Armand Colin, 2002, 55.
- Einhaus, Ann-Marie, The Short Story and the First World War, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
- Gardiner, Michael, ‘Everyday Utopianism: Lefebvre and his Critics’, Cultural Studies 18.2/3 (March/May 2004): 228-54.
- Le Blanc, Guillaume. L’invisibilité sociale. Paris: PUF, 2009.
- Locatelli, Angela, ‘”The Humble/d” in Literature and Philosophy: Precariousness, Vulnerability and the Pragmatics of Social Visibility’, in The Humble in 19th, 20th and 21st-Century British Literature and Arts, I. Brasme, J-M Ganteau and C. Reynier eds., Montpellier: PULM, 2017, 147-64.
- Nussbaum, Martha, Creating Capabilities. The Human Development Approach, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
- Pelluchon, Corine. Ethique de la considération. Paris: Seuil, 2018.
(posted 7 June 2018)
Possibility and Necessity: Concepts and Expressions of modality. A Conference in Honour of Paul Larreya
Université de Pau & des Pays de l’Adour, France, 17-19 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 30 March 2019
Research Centres ALTER, UPPA (EA 7504) et CLIMAS, UBM (EA 4196)
Discourse may be conceived as a space where subjects act and interact. We propose the study of this interaction between subjects from the perspective of modality, a notion which, in one of its most frequent definitions, corresponds to the fields of possibility and necessity. Linked with the work of the research group “Subjects, representations and societies” affiliated to the ALTER research laboratory (Art/Languages: Transitions and relationships), questions will be addressed concerning the sharing, structuring, conception and representation of this space through the expression of modality, which covers various notions such as possibility, impossibility, necessity, contingency, certainty, probability and plausibility.
Looking in detail at the concepts of possibility and necessity will enable the study of diverse types of modality including the traditional distinction made between root modality and epistemic modality. Larreya has proposed to divide epistemic modality, sometimes known as “the modality of knowledge”, into two sub-categories: inferential modality (epistemic modality per se) and implicative modality, which may be considered as “a sort of semantic link between epistemic modality and deontic modality” (Larreya 1984: 173). This raises the questions, amongst others, of the division of the semantic domain of modality, of the relations between evaluative modality, on the one hand, and possibility and necessity, on the other hand, and of the links between epistemic modality, evidentiality and mirativity.
Modality may also be defined as a category that comments on the « reality of the process », a reality that is first and foremost an idea. Modality enables us to question what is true and what is false, the convergence with or divergence from reality, the good and the bad, the notions of evaluation and judgement etc. In other words, modality is sometimes equated with the expression of the speaker’s attitude towards the propositional content, even if it cannot be reduced to just that.
Studies could describe the specific use of (different types) of markers in expressions of possibility and necessity, as well as the diversity of these markers. One may consider, in particular, modal auxiliaries, modal expressions and idioms, lexical modals, but also other parts of speech and constructions that contribute to the expression of a modal stance.
Several approaches may be considered, although the list is not exhaustive:
- epistemological approach: definition of the concepts of possibility and necessity in linguistics, which may be linked with fields from other disciplines;
- historical dimension: the emergence of modal markers, the loss of certain forms of modalization (subjunctive);
- similarities and differences between various types of markers used for the expression of possibility and necessity;
- specialized or non-specialized forms and constructions used in the expression of one of the two fields;
- prosodic approach to modality: interaction between markers of modality and prosodic markers;
- structuring the area of modality: on one side, the relationships between epistemic, root, inferential and implicational modalities and on the other, the link between these modalities and other concepts (evidentiality, mirativity, etc.); impervious or porous borders between the different fields;
- distinction or linking between different language attitudes that cover the notions of possibility and necessity (e.g. judgement, assessment, engagement, etc.);
- utterer attitude/stance and the pragmatic dimension;
- distinction between modality and modalization;
- modality and reported speech;
- dialectal approach: modality and grammaticalization in creole languages;
- types of markers and textual genres : the expression of modality in different genres – specialized discourse (judicial, medical, commerce and trade, etc.), autobiography, political discourse, discussions on forums and blogs, etc.;
- modality and teaching: expression of possibility and necessity in learning situations and second language acquisition;
- multimodal analysis and the expression of possibility and necessity by non-verbal means.
The aim of this conference is to enable interaction between specialists from different branches of linguistics – English, Spanish and French especially (psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, pragmatics, morpho-syntax, phonology, etc.). Contributions from specialists in other fields (psychology and philosophy in particular) would/will also be welcome. (Reference: Larreya, Paul (1984). Le possible et le nécessaire. Modalités et auxiliaires modaux en anglais britannique. Paris: Nathan Recherche)
- Pierre Cotte, Sorbonne Université
- Patrick Dendale, University of Antwerp
Scientific committee: Jean Albrespit, Université Bordeaux Montaigne; Viviane Arigne, Université Paris 13; Johan van der Auwera, University of Antwerp; Kasper Boye, University of Copenhagen; Agnès Celle, Université Paris Diderot; Bert Cornillie, University of Leuven; Pierre Cotte, Sorbonne Université; Monique De Mattia-Viviès, Aix-Marseille Université; Patrick Dendale, University of Antwerp; Ilse Depraetere, Université de Lille; Lionel Dufaye, Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée; Roberta Facchinetti, University of Verona; Grégory Furmaniak, Université Sorbonne-Nouvelle; Christelle Lacassain-Lagoin, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour; Laure Lansari, Université Paris Diderot; Jean-Marie Merle, Université Nice Sofia-Antipolis; Juana Marín-Arrese, Complutense Madrid University; Fabrice Marsac, University of Opole; Johanna Miecznikowski, University of Lugano; Élise Mignot, Sorbonne Université; Bérengère Moricheau-Airaud, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour; Claude Rivière, Université Paris Diderot; Laurent Rouveyrol, Université Nice Sofia-Antipolis; Raphael Salkie, University of Brighton; Tracey Simpson, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour
- Jean Albrespit – CLIMAS, UBM (Jean.Albrespit@u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr)
- Christelle Lacassain-Lagoin – ALTER, UPPA (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Tracey Simpson – ALTER, UPPA (email@example.com)
- Due date for submissions : 30 March 2019
- Replies from scientific committee : 15 May 2019
Talks may be given in English or French
Publication project: written contributions chosen by the scientific committee will be included in a publication
Please send your submissions (500 words), with a short bio-bibliography, to the three members of the organizing committee for 30 March 2019. Please indicate the title and the name(s) of the author(s) in your email and attach the abstract in text or .pdf formats giving the title only, and not the name(s) of the author(s).
International Conference on Ecocriticism and Environmental Studies
London, UK, 10 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 20 July 2019
organised by London Centre for Interdisciplinary Research
Multiple environmental crises are increasingly inescapable at both transnational and local levels and the role of the humanities in addition to technology and politics is more and more recognized as central for exploring and finding solutions. Representations of nature’s agency have become central to many studies conducted in literature, culture studies, philosophy, history, sociology or political science. This conference aims to explore the relationship between the physical environment and text in its broader meaning as well as analyse the social concerns raised by environmental crises.
Conference panels will be related, but not limited, to:
- Sustainable Development
- Animal Studies
- Cultural and Literary Ecology
- Environmental Arts
- Environmental History
We invite proposals from various disciplines including political sciences, history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, literature, linguistics, etc.
Paper proposals up to 250 words and a brief biographical note should be sent by 20 July 2019 to: firstname.lastname@example.org. Please download Paper proposal form.
Registration fee – 100 GBP
Provisional conference venue: Birkbeck, University of London, Bloomsbury, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX
(posted 8 June 2019)
Treacherous Words: Fake News, Censorship and the Unsayable
Department of Languages and Cultures, University of Aveiro, Portugal, 23-25 October 2019
Deadine for proposals: 31 May 2019
The recent emergence of concern about fake news is a consequence of the importance of public opinion. It presupposes that some form of democracy is operative and therefore there is a need to manipulate it. But there is nothing new about lying, misrepresenting, obfuscating and minimizing unhelpful information. Undemocratic and democratic regimes alike have been doing this for years. Pravda and Isvestia were iconic sources of state-sanctioned fake news and their successors continue to operate today. So what is different? Is it not the way that we keep ourselves informed that has changed? Philosophically, we have become acclimatized to the idea that we live in an age of post-truth, that all perception is relative. Practically, we are being bombarded with informational excess. It seeks you out, it overwhelms you, it comes at you at speed. Additionally, it is not obsessed with sourcing and fact-checking. The result is that opinion-formation and political decisions are being made on the basis of appeals to emotion and personal belief. Traditional sources of authority have so far proved themselves unable to combat this effectively, since new social media have transformed access to and reliance on information. Even reputable scientists and experts have become marginalized as untrustworthy elites. In addition, celebrity culture has confused what constitutes newsworthiness, and a whole cadre of professionals mediate and determine what reaches the public as information.
Alongside the straightforward manipulation of information, control over liberty of expression and artistic freedom has deployed different strategies over time. Historically, religion and politics have been at the centre of censorial practice, but recently, systems of close monitoring have progressively been extended to bring about the imposition of social models, cultural programmes and even aesthetic objectives. Indeed, processes of self-censorship have offered themselves as alternative ways of obstructing the act of communication. These range from withdrawing the very will to verbalization to self-scrutiny as to what it is permissible to say. In this way, repression shapes the mechanisms by which the codification of expression and specific strategies of resistance develop, given the (more or less effective) ploys needed to elude censorship.
The official abolition of censorship in democratic systems has not wholly eradicated it. Social, religious, cultural, diplomatic and even economic pressures can (and often do) have repressive effects. In the same vein, so-called corporate censorship is very much a reality that affects the arts and the media. Plainly, efforts to stifle what is perceived to be undesired have not ceased.
Thus, there are innumerable ways to shut down expression (even the temptation felt in many fields – obeying their own internal logic – to silence the voices of multidisciplinary interlopers), which have been investigated, from different perspectives, in the related domains of language sciences, anthropology, sociology, literary, cultural and translation studies, amongst others. The importance of the role of language in the development of global communicative capabilities (generating ways of resisting ambiguity and manipulative practices, or facilitating them) has become increasingly evident in the above-mentioned fields. These have perhaps learned from romanticism the value of the unsayable as a type of higher wisdom, capable of indicating, for each field, the gaping division between the impulse to verbalise and the many barriers that impede effective expression.
With these thematic considerations in mind, we invite proposals for papers on the following sub-topics:
- – Epistemology and truth
- – Information in the age of social media: crises in traditional media
- – Populism, demagoguery and the challenge to democracy;
- – Infotainment and its discontents
- – Science, pseudo-science and statistics
- Repression and ideology
- Censorship and the rhetoric of resistance
- Censorship and self-censorship in artistic creation
- Censorship and self-censorship in translating and interpreting
- Corporate censorship
- Taboos, secrets and other interdictions
- The politics and the poetics of the unsayable
- Between languages and cultures: ill-fated translations
- Translation and manipulation
- Silence and (in)communicability
The conference fee is 100 euros for researchers with papers, 50 euros for scholars without papers and 40 euros for postgraduate students with papers. Postgraduate students must furnish proof of their enrolment in higher education courses to qualify for the reduction.
Proposals for papers of 20-miinute duration in any of the above-mentioned areas, in either Portuguese, English, French or Spanish, should be sent to the organizing committee on or before the 31st of May 2019. Proposals for papers should be submitted via the address: dlc-congressoCLLC2019@ua.pt , including the following information: Name of the author, institutional affiliation, contact address (e-mail), as well as the title and a summary of the paper (maximum 250 words) and a brief bio-note. Authors should also indicate in which of the three thematic area they believe their papers should be included.
Notification of acceptance will be given on or before the 30th June 2019. Enrolment and payment must be completed on or before the 20th July 2019. All pertinent information relating to the conference will be updated on its official page: http://congressocllc2019.web.ua.pt/
(posted 26 March 2019)
Constructions of Identity 10. Anniversary Edition: History, Memory and Accomplishment
Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 24-26 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 1 June 2019
In 2019 the Faculty of Letters in Cluj and the Department of English proudly celebrate 100 years since professor Petre Grimm took on the position of lecturer of English, marking the beginning of what was to become the Department of English Language and Literature. In the context of a century of English studies in Cluj, under the overarching theme of “History, memory and accomplishment”, papers are invited in the area of English literary and cultural studies, literary theory, linguistics, on the following, but not only, topics:
- literature and history, a complicated contemporary relationship;
- histories and anniversaries: morphologies of accomplishment;
- narratives and archive: memorial modalities;
- forgotten histories;
- (cultural) memory, amnesia, and the ethics of remembering and commemoration;
- historical memory and life-writing;
- writing (in) the gaps: history, trauma, and the ethics of memory;
- the translating eye: travel writing and historical memori(es);
- cultural memory and recovering silenced histories;
- cultural memory and the ethics of translation;
- celebrating the past: public sites of memory;
- new memorial technologies;
- prospective memory and “archaeologies of the future”;
- studies of English literature in non-English speaking countries;
- the study of English, translation, and national literatures;
- cross-linguistic perspectives on syntactic and semantic issues;
- challenging syntactic and semantic models;
- theoretical, general or comparative approaches to interface phenomena;
- the diachrony of English and other languages;
- understanding language acquisition;
- contributions to linguistic typology;
- pragmatics and oral discourse;
- monolingual and bilingual speech.
Proposals of 20-minute papers should be submitted to email@example.com by June 1st, 2019, in the form of an abstract not exceeding 200 words. If you wish to submit a paper for one of the panels below, please state so clearly or send it directly to (one of) the convenor(s). A selection of papers will be published.
50 euro for young researchers (under 26), PhD students.
There will be an additional optional fee of 20 euro for a final dinner.
The participants will be notified of their proposal’s acceptance / rejection. Registration procedure to be added soon.
Professor Laura Mulvey (Birkbeck, University of London) – confirmed
Professor Susan Irvine (University College London) – confirmed
Professor Patrick McGuinness (University of Oxford) – confirmed
Professor Virgil Stanciu (Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca) – confirmed
Panels already proposed (more will be added following submissions)
P1. Medieval and Manuscript Studies
The panel invites papers on all aspects of medieval English and manuscript studies. Papers focusing on the Alfredian translations into Old English are particularly welcome.
Dr. Adrian Papahagi, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
P2. Shakespeare and History
The panel invites papers on Shakespeare’s use of history, from the Roman plays to his English kings.
Dr. Adrian Papahagi, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
P3. The Victorian and Neo-Victorian Fiction of Femininities and Masculinities
The aim of this panel is to explore the Victorian and Neo-Victorian novel from the perspective of gender, gender roles and representation and to provide a framework to discuss the literary output of the Victorian and contemporary periods with their gender specificities and the way individual characters and typologies are constructed – as conventional or non-conventional representations of men and women, in real or imaginary contexts.
Dr. Adrian Radu, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
Dr. Octavian More, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
P4. Objects of memory, the memory of objects
Objects as repositories of memory both constitute and transcend the capacity of the human to capture the past, crystallize the present or project a future. Acting simultaneously as “lieux de mémoire” and anticipations of what is to come, things cease being merely mnemonic prostheses and reveal themselves as causes, firmly locating the “human” within the materiality of the world. The panel invites papers considering the role of objects as agents of memory and their functions as nodes at the multiple intersection between the human and the nonhuman.
Dr. Petronia Popa-Petrar, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
Dr. Carmen Borbely, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
P5. Cross-linguistic Challenges in Theoretical Linguistics
Theoretical models are abstract representations of discernible patterns in selected data and subject to constant revision/ improvement upon expanding the data domain. Linguistic models are no exception: upon their emergence, no conceptual model is expected to incorporate the vast linguistic diversity of natural languages. We invite participants to contribute with data across languages, dialects or historical stages that support, enrich or challenge existing models in semantics, syntax or pragmatics.
Dr. Adriana Todea, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
Dr. Imola Farkas, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
(posted 4 February 2019)
organised by London Centre for Interdisciplinary Research
The conference seeks to explore the narratives of displacement and to demonstrate the validity of a cross-disciplinary approach which brings together the historical, cultural, social and literary expertise in the handling of text. The conference will particularly focus on time and space representations and on treatment of the theme of cultural ambivalence and identity conflict. The subject of displacement will be regarded as both a migration, voluntary or forced, and a sense of being socially or culturally “out of place”.
Papers are invited on topics related, but not limited, to:
- migrations and deportations (expatriation, expulsion, exile, etc.)
- journeys, pilgrimages, missions
- mobility and place
- rootlessness and taking root
- foreignness and indigeneity
- (re)settlement and (non)residence
- nomadism and place attachment
- hotels, guesthouses, shelters
- multiculturalism, interculturalism, transculturalism
We also welcome poster proposals that address the conference theme.
The conference aims to bring together scholars from different fields. We invite proposals from various disciplines including history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology and literature.
Proposals up to 250 words and a brief biographical note should be sent by 20 July 2019 to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Download Paper proposal form.
Registration fee – 120 GBP
Conference venue: St Anne’s College, University of Oxford
(posted 6 June 2019)
Politically incorrect: does the world belong to polyglots?: 3rd International Conference of Foreign Languages (III CILE)
School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal, 30-31 October 2019
Deadline for proposals: 8 March 2019
Convener: Foreign Language Department, ESE-IPB
Throughout history several languages have become lingua franca as a result of conquests, commerce or religious conversion (cf. Ostler, 2011), thus being inevitably associated with the building of empires. This happened with Greek, Latin, Portuguese, German, French and English, which has originated a linguistic, cultural and political uniformity, although other vernacular languages coexisted.
The value of national cultures, following Herder’s ideas on cultural diversity, has gained momentum through the restoration of traditions and customs, traditional literature (cf. Grimm’s Fairy Tales, Almeida Garrett’s Romanceiro, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer’s Rimas y Leyendas or Fernán Caballero’s Cuentos de Encantamiento) and language varieties which have been considered exotic. Conversely, the notion of standard or prestige becomes part of the discourse of several nations claiming sovereignty. This means that, on the one hand, linguistic peculiarities are defended, while, on the other, there is an attempt to silence them, in order to replace them for the emergent national languages. Through the development of the comparative method and the discovery of the language families (based on their relatedness), a process of linguistic prescriptivism is imposed, which will only be deconstructed throughout the 20th century.
Based on these new principles, there are mentions of social and cultural prestige languages and minority languages creating linguistic stigmas which do not favour the transcultural and translinguistic correlation.
The prestige inherent to certain varieties is not related to any moral or ethnic categories, but to the ideology they reflect. Presently, English, as one of the latest lingua franca, has imposed itself in international and multinational organisations as a preferential linguistic bridge, if not the only one. This sole use of a language leads
us to question whether this is a politically incorrect attitude, too downgrading of a reality which is, by nature, multilinguistic. Bearing this idea in mind, we would like to challenge this monolinguistic and uniform trend, as well as to value all languages and cultures with no prejudice.
This will be the main assumption for the III CILE debate, since we believe that learning a set of foreign languages will open doors, overcome borders and enrich cultures. In today’s world, which asserts borders and reasserts identities to overcome both disconnection and incommunicability, we acknowledge the natural poliglotism of border regions, the century old cultural cosmopolitanism and their porosity.
Nowadays, it is not enough to master one foreign language. Globalization, deterritorialisation, the dislocation of migrations, from diaspora and exile, demand that we become poliglots able to express ourselves in order to establish intercultural relations. As Edward Said (2007) argues, it is fundamental to cultivate the perception of many worlds and their complex traditions. Benefits of multilingualism are paramount to enable us overcome the linguistic gap among cultures. The language is no longer the homeland because any homeland is only temporary (Said, 2003). Crossing borders breaks thought and experience barriers, leading us towards an awakening of plural language learning, thus the reconquest of the tower of Babel.
As such, topics and themes of interest include, but are not restricted to, the following:
● Foreign languages as an exclusion vs inclusion factor in migrations
● Polyglot writers
● Minority languages vs prestige languages
● The strength of dead languages
● Lingua Franca throughout history
● Monolingualism vs. Plurilingualism
● FL/culture, memory and identity
● Translation and FL teaching
Deadlines and other information:
• 8th March: final deadline for 1st submission
• 9th March: 2nd call
• 29th March: deadline for 2nd call
• 30th April: authors’ notification, including those who do not wish to publish their paper
• 15th June: submission of full articles for the double-blind peer review process
• 31st July: authors’ submission after the review process
• 15th September: final version paper submission
• The publication of the selected papers will be done in the form of online Proceedings with ISBN.
• A maximum of 2 papers per author will be accepted, either individually or in group
• Information through the e-mail: email@example.com
• Webpage of the event: http://cile.ipb.pt/
• Platform for the submission of abstracts: http://conferencias.ese.ipb.pt/
Registration (including coffee breaks, previous proceedings and the publication in the proceedings for III CILE):
• Early bird registration APEF and ReCLes.pt members: 60€
• Registration for APEF and ReCLes.pt members after 2nd September or at the conference: 80€
• Early bird registration until 20th September: 80€
• Registration after 20th September or at the Conference: 100€
• Registration for IPB students: 20€
Organising Committee ESE-IPB:
• Alexia Dotras Bravo
• Ana Maria Alves
• Cláudia Martins
• Dominique Guillemin
• Elisabete Mendes Silva
• Isabel Chumbo
Scientific Committee: (under construction)
Supporting institutions: APEF (Portuguese Association of French Studies) and ReCLes.pt (Network of Higher Education Language Centers in Portugal)
(posted 15 February 2019)