Political Masculinities and Populism
University of Landau, Germany, 1-3 December 2017
New extended deadline for proposals: 18 April 2017
Kathleen Starck, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany
Russell Luyt, University of Greenwich, London, UK
This conference is the latest in a series dedicated toward the topic of political masculinities having first taken place in 2012. It focusses on the theme of “Political Masculinities and Populism”. We anticipate that the series will continue with a conference hosted by the University of Greenwich, London, in 2018.
The conference aims to encourage and develop diverse understanding concerning the relationship between the concepts of political masculinities and populism. In the current political and social climate where media debates are often heated and analysis is in danger of taking second place to (political) opinion, we hope to provide an arena in which to consider the gendered functioning of populist politics and politicians – both past and present – and thereby contribute toward understanding the rise of populism globally in the 21st century.
Populism, which is a modern phenomenon that can be traced back to Russia and the United States of the late 19th century, is a contested political concept, in which some even question its analytic utility (Mudde and Rovira Kaltwasser, 2017: 2). Whilst the term is most often linked with the political right, it has also been associated with left-wing politics.
Moreover, scholars from different backgrounds use the term to describe different phenomena. For example, there is a tradition of “liberal populism” in the United States, whereas in Europe this expression would be “a blatant contradiction” (Müller 2016: 9). An understanding of populism as “genuine egalitarian left-wing politics” (ibid: 8, original emphasis) is an anathema in much of Europe given liberalism’s alternative association with pluralism.
It is possible, though, to identify some of the concept’s key characteristics. Jan- Werner Müller usefully argues that populists are mostly critical of elites, antipluralist and lay exclusive claim to represent an imagined “people” (4). In short, Müller defines populism as “a particular moralistic imagination of politics, a way of perceiving the political world that sets a morally pure and fully united – but […] ultimately fictional – people against elites who are deemed corrupt or in some other way morally inferior” (19-20, original emphasis).
We define the concept of ‘political masculinities’ broadly. This can relate to any potential actor in the political sphere, including for example, individuals such as activists, insurgents, politicians, political journalists and voters; groups such as political parties, lobbyists, think tanks, trade unions, and other non-governmental organisations (NGOs); and the state, its institutions as well as representatives. We also emphasise ‘hidden’ political masculinities, such as those associated with global businessmen, as well as political processes and structures and their relation to masculinities.
The most overt link between the concepts of populism and political masculinities lies in the figure of the populist leader. This leader is associated with the “charismatic strongman”, ruling on the basis of “a cult of a leader” and is usually portrayed as masculine and potentially violent (Mudde and Rovira Kaltmwasser 2017: 63). Thus, there is an emphasis on action and the courage to take difficult decisions, which relies on anti- intellectualism and urgency and is often completed by highlighting the leader’s virility, the use of simple and vulgar language, and, of course, the leader’s charisma (ibid: 64-68). And yet there are also female populist leaders such as Eva Peron (Argentina), Marine LePen (France), Sarah Palin (United States) or Frauke Petri (Germany). Questions therefore arise as to the masculine qualities of populist leaders and populism. How is it possible that women can also embody a populist “strongman”? In addition, there are many studies claiming that particularly the populist right draws its electorate from men (e.g. Harteveld et al. 2015). But, we have just witnessed a large proportion of women voting for the 45th President of the United States, and there are also studies claiming that the gender gap in voting for right-wing populists is often overemphasised (Spierings & Zaslove 2015). How do we begin reconciling such seeming contradictions? This conference aims to explore some of the following questions:
- To what extent are the concepts of populism and masculinities co-constructed and mutually reinforcing?
- Does masculine populism also exist outside party and/or national politics?
- Does populist charisma differ in its masculinity from other forms of charisma?
- What role do masculine identities play for supporters of populism?
- Is populism more masculine in some (national/historical) contexts than others?
- How is populist masculinity/masculine populism performed?
- Where does populist masculinity originate historically?
- In what way do different national populisms produce similar or diverging forms of political masculinities?
- What (political) masculinities are excluded by populism and how is this achieved?
- In how far is populist governance masculine?
This list is not exhaustive. We aim to stimulate debate within and between disciplines and welcome the submission of empirical and theoretical papers from across the full spectrum of gender studies. This may include, but is not limited to, work in the arts, humanities, social sciences and sciences.
For further details concerning the conference including the registration process see the Conference website.
(posted 3 April 2017)
Fact and Fiction in Eighteenth-Century Britain
Université Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, France, 8-9 December 2017
Deadline for proposals: 1 June 2017
It seems timely to look afresh at the relationship between fact and fiction, when such terms as “post-truth” and «”storytelling are frequently heard in the media and when genres called “docu-dramas” and “reality-shows” thrive.
Michael McKeon and, more recently, among others, Catherine Gallagher have maintained that fiction in eighteenth-century Britain was not a stable category but, rather, one with a history. Conceptions of fictionality shifted, correlatively altering notions of factuality. Writers of novels were aware that their texts created non-actual possible worlds, and self-consciously attended to the probability or improbability of their narratives. Historians resorted to counter-factuals in the mode of conjectural history. Methods for the study of nature, governed by rules of hypothesis or by new statistical techniques, raised questions about possible reliance on fictions. Similar challenges emerged in, for instance, the consideration of law, of crime, and of punishment.
This conference aims to build on earlier work and to advance discussion of less explored areas/aspects of the theme of fact and fiction, by furthering theoretical discussion (using narratological, cognitive, and other critical approaches) and by considering the fictionality of mainly, or supposedly, non-fictional forms such as periodical essays, works of history, legal documents, history paintings, as well as at novels. Theoretical and practical study of cross-influences will be welcome.
- John Bender, Stanford University,
- William B. Warner, University of California Santa Barbara
Historians as well as historians of law, literary scholars and historians of art are invited to submit proposals (150-300 words) for papers which will not exceed 25 minutes, before 1st June, 2017, to Isabelle Bour: Isabelle.Bour@sorbonne-nouvelle.fr, Isabelle.Bour@hotmail.com
(posted 12 April 2017)
2017 4TH ICIIP – International Conference on Image Information Processing
Jaypee University of Information Technology (JUIT), Shimla, India, 21-23 December 2017
Deadline for full paper submissions: 31 August 2017
The ICIIP (International Conference on Image Information Processing) conference has been a biennial Conference since 2011. ICIIP is the one of the premier, renowned, and biggest technical conference focused on all aspect of Image Processing, Computer Vision, and Information security. Like previous conferences, ICIIP 2017 will feature world class speakers, tutorial sessions. The theme of ICIIP 2017 is “Image Processing for Digital Life”.
ICIIP 2017 will feature both invited and contributed papers. The presented papers will be submitted to IEEE Xplore, which is indexed by major databases like SCOPUS, Web of Science, ACM etc… Prospective authors are invited to submit full papers with four to six pages, in double column IEEE Conference format.
- Image Processing – Imaging Informatics for Healthcare, Document Image Processing, Image and Video Processing Architecture, Bio-Medical Imaging, etc…
- Computer Vision – Computational and Statistical Methods, Motion and Video Analysis, Sensors, Imaging model and Simulation, Stereo Vision, Robotics, Robot Vision, etc…
- Computer Graphics – Modeling, Rendering, Clipping, Imaging, Human-Computer Interaction, Computer Games, Scientific Visualization etc…
- Image security and forensics – Cryptanalysis, Information Technology Audit, Steganalysis, Data Remanence, Information Privacy, Usable Security, etc…
- Dr. Subhasis Chaudhari, Deputy Director (Academic & Infrastructure Affaris), IIT Bombay, India.
- Dr. Joaquim Jorge, Editor-in-Chief, Computers & Graphics Journal, Univ, Lisboa, Portugal.
- Dr. Lipo Wang, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
NEW INITIATIVES at ICIIP 2017:
- Best innovation award
- Best Thematic Award for work presented for Blind or Visually Impaired children’s society.
- Best Algorithmika award(s) related to conference tracks.
- Best paper award(s) related to conference tracks.
- Senior Professor(s)/Researcher(s)/Scientist(s) may apply for chairing a session during ICIIP 2017.
PROPOSAL FOR Tutorials/Special Sessions/Track Chairs/Reviewers:
Organizers are inviting Tutorial & Special Session proposals within the scope of ICIIP 2017. Organizers also invite VOLUNTEERS to serve as reviewers or as track chairs. If you are willing to assist as a special session organizer or track chair or reviewer, please inform us by sending an email to:
- For Tutorials : Professor and above with significant experience in the field OR IEEE Fellow. If required, conference grant might be provided for travelling.
- For Reviewers: 2+ years of research or industrial experience,
- For Special Session & Track Chair: Postdocs with good experience and above, etc.
Full paper Submission Deadline: August 31, 2017
Acceptance Notification Deadline: October 15, 2017
Conference registration Deadline: November 15, 2017
Prospective authors are required to submit full-length papers of 6 pages using EDASconference management system formatted with IEEE standard template, at the following link:
Authors are required to go through with the various instructions available under conference policy and manuscript preparation and submission link at:
For more information, please contact:
ICIIP 2017 Secretariat
Dr. P.K. Gupta
Executive General Chair
Prof. Dr. Vipin Tyagi
(posted 8 March 2017)